MOVE members in front of their original headquarters in the Powelton Village area of Philadelphia.

Image: Leif Skoogfors/CORBIS

Drop a bomb on a residential area? I never in my life heard of that. It’s like Vietnam.
Steve Harmon, neighborhood resident

The black liberation group MOVE was founded in 1972 by John Africa (born Vincent Leaphart). Living communally in a house in West Philadelphia, members of MOVE all changed their surnames to Africa, shunned modern technology and materialism, and preached support of animal rights, revolution and a return to nature

Their first conflict with law enforcement occurred in 1978, when police tried to evict them from their house. A firefight erupted, killing one police officer and injuring several more on both sides Read more…

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1985: When Philly police dropped a bomb on a residential neighborhood