When 9/11 arrives, thousands will flock to the two sunken reflecting pools of the World Trade Center Memorial in Lower Manhattan to pay their respects to the victims of the tragedy. But Michael Arad and Peter Walker’s design, etched with the names of the thousands who died in the 1993 and 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center, is just a small piece of the 9/11 Memorial story. There are, in fact, dozens of tributes, most of them located far from the attack sites in New York, Washington, D.C. and Shanksville, PA. They’re organized by family members, local governments, inspired artists, and many more. Some take on an abstract, modern vernacular, others more traditional motifs like statues and remembrance walls. Several contain original structural pieces of the World Trade Center itself, distributed by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Here are just a few; evidence of a continued outpouring of grief and support, and of the endless creativity that tragedy inspires.

01

Flight 93 National Memorial, Shanksville, PA

Paul Murdoch Architects converted a former 2,200-acre coalmine in Shanksville, PA, where Flight 93 went down, into a permanent memorial operated by the National Park Service. Visitors undertake a series of experiences—strolling through allés, pathways, wetlands, groves, and a raised “tower of Voices.” They all lead to the Wall of Names, a series of white marble slabs on the crash site inscribed with the names of the victims.

National Parks Service

Paul Murdoch Architects converted a former 2,200-acre coalmine in Shanksville, PA, where Flight 93 went down, into a permanent memorial operated by the National Park Service. Visitors undertake a series of experiences—strolling through allés, pathways, wetlands, groves, and a raised “tower of Voices.” They all lead to the Wall of Names, a series of white marble slabs on the crash site inscribed with the names of the victims.

02

Pentagon Memorial, Washington, D.C.

KBAS Studio have created a stark gravel field filled with 184 molded and cantilevered concrete, granite, and stainless steel benches, placed along the trajectory of Flight 77. Each bench, or “Memorial Unit,” is engraved with the name and birth year of a victim. The architects describe it as “a place that prompts contemplation but does not prescribe what to think or how to feel.”

Jeff Goldberg

KBAS Studio have created a stark gravel field filled with 184 molded and cantilevered concrete, granite, and stainless steel benches, placed along the trajectory of Flight 77. Each bench, or “Memorial Unit,” is engraved with the name and birth year of a victim. The architects describe it as “a place that prompts contemplation but does not prescribe what to think or how to feel.”

03

Moving Memories, Phoenix, Arizona

Located at the Wesley Bolin Memorial Plaza near the State Capitol in Phoenix, “Moving Memories,” designed by Jones Studio and coLAB Studio, is a concrete disc topped by an elevated ring of stainless steel and laser cut with 54 quotes related to the attack. As the sun moves, light passes through the etchings and projects them onto the ground below. Some of the phrases, many taken from local newspaper articles, proved controversial, including “must bomb back,” “fear of foreigners,” and “Erroneous US air strike kills 46 Uruzgan civilians.” Officials decided to remove the last of these, but kept almost everything else.

Bill Timmerman/Matthew Salenger

Located at the Wesley Bolin Memorial Plaza near the State Capitol in Phoenix, “Moving Memories,” designed by Jones Studio and coLAB Studio, is a concrete disc topped by an elevated ring of stainless steel and laser cut with 54 quotes related to the attack. As the sun moves, light passes through the etchings and projects them onto the ground below. Some of the phrases, many taken from local newspaper articles, proved controversial, including “must bomb back,” “fear of foreigners,” and “Erroneous US air strike kills 46 Uruzgan civilians.” Officials decided to remove the last of these, but kept almost everything else.

04

To The Struggle Against World Terrorism, Bayonne, NJ

Created by Russian artist Zurab Tsereteli, this monument, also known as the Tear Drop Memorial, stands at the end of Bayonne’s Military Ocean Terminal. The 10-story-tall, 175-ton bronze structure recreates the forms of the Twin Towers, with a jagged rip through its center and a 4-ton nickel tear hanging from the top. The structure, largely funded by Russia (“this monument will always be a testimony to our unity in the struggle against common threats,” Vladimir Putin said at the Dedication Ceremony) opened in 2006. Ironically Russia has become something of a threat, itself, in the intervening years.

To the Struggle Against World Terrorism

Created by Russian artist Zurab Tsereteli, this monument, also known as the Tear Drop Memorial, stands at the end of Bayonne’s Military Ocean Terminal. The 10-story-tall, 175-ton bronze structure recreates the forms of the Twin Towers, with a jagged rip through its center and a 4-ton nickel tear hanging from the top. The structure, largely funded by Russia (“this monument will always be a testimony to our unity in the struggle against common threats,” Vladimir Putin said at the Dedication Ceremony) opened in 2006. Ironically Russia has become something of a threat, itself, in the intervening years.

05

Beverly Hills 9/11 Memorial Garden, Beverly Hills, CA

Located on the grounds of the Beverly Hills Fire Department, this memorial garden—designed by Peteris Architects and Oakcrest Landscape— centers around a twisted steel member of the original World Trade Center positioned atop a Pentagon-shaped granite base. Nearby stand basalt replicas of the Twin Towers and a small triangular field of greenery and flowers, representing Shanksville. Encased in the foundation are copies of the Declaration of Independence, the US Constitution, the Gettysburg Address, and a piece of the aircraft from Flight 77.

Gidas Peteris

Located on the grounds of the Beverly Hills Fire Department, this memorial garden—designed by Peteris Architects and Oakcrest Landscape— centers around a twisted steel member of the original World Trade Center positioned atop a Pentagon-shaped granite base. Nearby stand basalt replicas of the Twin Towers and a small triangular field of greenery and flowers, representing Shanksville. Encased in the foundation are copies of the Declaration of Independence, the US Constitution, the Gettysburg Address, and a piece of the aircraft from Flight 77.

06

Semper Memento, Laguna Beach, CA

Created by local artist Jorg Dubin, Semper Memento (Latin for “always remember”) comprises two steel beams from the original World Trade Center angled above a stainless steel sphere, supported by a pentagon-shaped concrete base. Located in the city’s Heisler Park, the sculpture has been the victim of vandalism three times, including a recent 5-inch-wide dent found in the sphere. More 9/11 memorials are located in nearby Hermosa Beach and Manhattan Beach.

Jorg Dubin

Created by local artist Jorg Dubin, Semper Memento (Latin for “always remember”) comprises two steel beams from the original World Trade Center angled above a stainless steel sphere, supported by a pentagon-shaped concrete base. Located in the city’s Heisler Park, the sculpture has been the victim of vandalism three times, including a recent 5-inch-wide dent found in the sphere. More 9/11 memorials are located in nearby Hermosa Beach and Manhattan Beach.

07

Project 9/11 Indianapolis, Indianapolis, Indiana

The piece, placed next to Indianapolis Fire Station 13 in downtown, consists of two 11,000-pound beams from the Twin Towers. Behind the beams stand granite monuments with inscriptions and timelines of the events of 9/11. Perched atop one of the beams is a bronze, life-sized sculpture of an American Bald Eagle with wings outstretched, its gaze directed toward New York City.

Project 9/11 Indianapolis

The piece, placed next to Indianapolis Fire Station 13 in downtown, consists of two 11,000-pound beams from the Twin Towers. Behind the beams stand granite monuments with inscriptions and timelines of the events of 9/11. Perched atop one of the beams is a bronze, life-sized sculpture of an American Bald Eagle with wings outstretched, its gaze directed toward New York City.

08

9/11 Flight Crew Memorial, Grapevine, Texas

This 14-foot-tall bronze sculpture, representing the pilots, flight attendants, and passengers of the flights that went down on 9/11, was designed by Bryce Cameron Liston and sculpted by Dean Thompson. Sitting on a block of white limestone, it depicts two pilots, two flight attendants, and a child. Granite pavers engraved with the names of 9/11 crew members encircle the site.

Ian McVea/Fort Worth Star-Telegram/Getty Images

This 14-foot-tall bronze sculpture, representing the pilots, flight attendants, and passengers of the flights that went down on 9/11, was designed by Bryce Cameron Liston and sculpted by Dean Thompson. Sitting on a block of white limestone, it depicts two pilots, two flight attendants, and a child. Granite pavers engraved with the names of 9/11 crew members encircle the site.

09

Boston Logan International Airport 9/11 Memorial, Boston, MA

Honoring the passengers and crews of American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, which departed from Logan Airport on September 11, the memorial is anchored by a cube of texture glass, two glazed panels of which are etched with the names of the passengers and crew on the flights. Moskow Linn Architects designed the edifice, which visitors access via two winding walkways that recreate the paths of the two flights. The memorial space, say the architects, symbolizes the break between the world before and after 9/11, and creates a sky-focused space (the view upward is fractured by sculptural insertions) for visitors to reflect and remember the events of that day.

Peter Vanderwarker

Honoring the passengers and crews of American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, which departed from Logan Airport on September 11, the memorial is anchored by a cube of texture glass, two glazed panels of which are etched with the names of the passengers and crew on the flights. Moskow Linn Architects designed the edifice, which visitors access via two winding walkways that recreate the paths of the two flights. The memorial space, say the architects, symbolizes the break between the world before and after 9/11, and creates a sky-focused space (the view upward is fractured by sculptural insertions) for visitors to reflect and remember the events of that day.

10

Garden of Remembrance, Boston, MA

Designer Victor Walker created Boston’s memorial to the Massachusetts residents killed on 9/11, located on the edge of the Public Gardens in Back Bay. Benches, a small stone plaza, flowers, and trees all surround the curving, low-lying pink granite memorial, which lists 206 names.

Alamy

Designer Victor Walker created Boston’s memorial to the Massachusetts residents killed on 9/11, located on the edge of the Public Gardens in Back Bay. Benches, a small stone plaza, flowers, and trees all surround the curving, low-lying pink granite memorial, which lists 206 names.

11

The Garden of Reflection, Lower Makefield, PA

Local architect Liuba Lashchyk created Pennsylvania’s official 9/11 memorial, focused around a spiraling walkway and fountain, both bordered by glass railings inscribed with the names of those lost in the attacks. Its forecourt contains steel remnants from the World Trade Center. Forty-two lights line the walkway, representing the Pennsylvania children who lost parents in the attacks.

Joe Brannan

Local architect Liuba Lashchyk created Pennsylvania’s official 9/11 memorial, focused around a spiraling walkway and fountain, both bordered by glass railings inscribed with the names of those lost in the attacks. Its forecourt contains steel remnants from the World Trade Center. Forty-two lights line the walkway, representing the Pennsylvania children who lost parents in the attacks.

12

The Rising, Valhalla, New York

This 80-foot-tall stainless steel sculpture, designed by late architect Frederic Schwartz, contains 10,000 feet of steel, welded together one thin rod at a time. Granite stones at its base contain the names of the 109 Westchester residents who died on 9/11. The name of the piece comes from a Bruce Springsteen song dedicated to the events of 9/11.

Jessica Jamroz

This 80-foot-tall stainless steel sculpture, designed by late architect Frederic Schwartz, contains 10,000 feet of steel, welded together one thin rod at a time. Granite stones at its base contain the names of the 109 Westchester residents who died on 9/11. The name of the piece comes from a Bruce Springsteen song dedicated to the events of 9/11.

13

The Empty Sky, Jersey City, New Jersey

Schwartz also designed Empty Sky in Jersey City, twin stainless steel-clad walls, directed toward the World Trade Center site across the river. The imposing surfaces, whose lengths equal those of the sides of the Twin Towers, transect a sloped, grassy mound and are inscribed with the names of New Jersey’s 749 victims of the attacks.

Drew Gurian

Schwartz also designed Empty Sky in Jersey City, twin stainless steel-clad walls, directed toward the World Trade Center site across the river. The imposing surfaces, whose lengths equal those of the sides of the Twin Towers, transect a sloped, grassy mound and are inscribed with the names of New Jersey’s 749 victims of the attacks.

14

Postcards, Staten Island, New York

Perched on Staten Island’s North Shore, Postcards, dedicated to the 275 Staten Islanders who died on September 11, features two fiberglass structures representing folded postcards, presumably being sent to lost loved ones. Rows of granite plaques along the sides of the two pieces list victims’ names, birth dates, and places of work at the time of the attack. Designed by New York architect Masayuki Sono, it was the first major memorial completed in the New York area.

Suisho Moriguchi

Perched on Staten Island’s North Shore, Postcards, dedicated to the 275 Staten Islanders who died on September 11, features two fiberglass structures representing folded postcards, presumably being sent to lost loved ones. Rows of granite plaques along the sides of the two pieces list victims’ names, birth dates, and places of work at the time of the attack. Designed by New York architect Masayuki Sono, it was the first major memorial completed in the New York area.

15

Palm Beach Gardens 9/11 Memorial, Palm Beach Gardens, Florida,

Designed by local artist Mark Fuller, this tribute features a three-story-tall, bent steel column from the World Trade Center’s South Tower, rising above a landscaped garden, a brick walkway, and 8-foot-tall glass panels etched with the names of 9/11 victims.

Jason Biro

Designed by local artist Mark Fuller, this tribute features a three-story-tall, bent steel column from the World Trade Center’s South Tower, rising above a landscaped garden, a brick walkway, and 8-foot-tall glass panels etched with the names of 9/11 victims.

16

Commander Dan Shanower September 11 Memorial, Naperville, Illinois

Dedicated to Naperville native Dan Shanower, who died in the attack on The Pentagon, this memorial, perched on the City’s Riverwalk, is made from 100 pounds of debris from the Pentagon, granite from the part of Pennsylvania where United 93 crashed, a steel beam from the World Trade Center, and an Eternal Flame. A 48-foot wall surrounding the memorial contains images of 140 faces, representing 9/11 victims, created by Naperville schoolchildren and molded onto its surface.

City of Naperville

Dedicated to Naperville native Dan Shanower, who died in the attack on The Pentagon, this memorial, perched on the City’s Riverwalk, is made from 100 pounds of debris from the Pentagon, granite from the part of Pennsylvania where United 93 crashed, a steel beam from the World Trade Center, and an Eternal Flame. A 48-foot wall surrounding the memorial contains images of 140 faces, representing 9/11 victims, created by Naperville schoolchildren and molded onto its surface.

17

9/11 Spirit of America Memorial, Cashmere, WA

This memorial found a home in the eastern Washington town of Cashmere after the state capital, Olympia, rejected it for commemorating a national event, rather than a state one. The bronze sculpture features a fireman, a flight attendant, an office worker and a member of the military, holding hands and facing outward. It also incorporates steel from the World Trade Center and stone from the Pentagon.

Brett Stoffel/Monitor WA

This memorial found a home in the eastern Washington town of Cashmere after the state capital, Olympia, rejected it for commemorating a national event, rather than a state one. The bronze sculpture features a fireman, a flight attendant, an office worker and a member of the military, holding hands and facing outward. It also incorporates steel from the World Trade Center and stone from the Pentagon.

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9/11 Memorials Aren’t Limited to NY and DC—They’re Everywhere