The swell of migrants and refugees crossing into Europe this year has surpassed 1 million people, the highest since World War II, according to new figures released by the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

The milestone, which was reached on Monday, shows the staggering reality of the fallout from war and poverty in the Middle East and Africa that has driven people from their home countries into Europe.

The majority of people have arrived by boat, making the short crossing over the Mediterranean from Turkey or North Africa, packed onto flimsy rubber dinghy, wooden boats and old fishing vessels. The huge increase has been driven largely by the ongoing civil war in Syria that has seen more than 4.3 million refugees flee the country Read more…

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More than 1 million refugees crossed into Europe in 2015